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Anderson, Rachel, 1982. "Greig, Maysie." Twentieth Century Romance and Gothic Writers. Ed. James Vinson. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Company. 313-319. [Anderson does not give a source for the quotation cited, but I came across photos of the opening pages of Greig's The Pretty One, published in the late 1930s in London by Hodder and Stoughton, which showed it within a page-length statement by Greig giving "My Reason for Writing Love Stories."]

Araujo, Gail, 2009. Living to Read Romance: The Transformative Potential of Interpretive Practice in Romance Reading. M.A. dissertation. California State University, Fullerton.

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Barlow, Linda and Jayne Ann Krentz, 1992. “Beneath the Surface: The Hidden Codes of Romance.” Dangerous Men and Adventurous Women: Romance Writers on the Appeal of the Romance. Ed. Jayne Ann Krentz. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 15-29.

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Cole, Alyssa, 2018a. “Don’t Call Princess Stories ‘Frivolous’ — For Women & Femmes Of Color, They’re Crucial.” Bustle. 10 April 2018.

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Crane, Ralph and Lisa Fletcher, 2017. Island Genres, Genre Islands: Conceptualisation and Representation in Popular Fiction. London: Rowman & Littlefield.

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Crusie Smith, Jennifer, 1999. “This is Not Your Mother’s Cinderella: The Romance Novel as Feminist Fairy Tale.” Romantic Conventions. Ed. Anne K. Kaler and Rosemary Johnson-Kurek. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press. 51-61.

Crusie Smith, Jennifer, 1999a. "Why I Know I'll Continue to Write Romance Until They Pry My Cold Dead Fingers from Around My Keyboard." North American Romance Writers. Ed. Kay Mussell and Johanna Tuñón. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. 225-226.

Cuthbert, Kate, 2018. “Consenting Adults: Kate Cuthbert on the Romance Novel and Representations of Sexuality after #MeToo.” Books + Publishing, 12 September 2018.

Dandridge, Rita B., 2004. Black Women’s Activism: Reading African American Women’s Historical Romances. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.

Dandridge, Rita B., 2010. “The African American Historical Romance: An Interview with Beverly Jenkins.” Journal of Popular Romance Studies 1.1.

Dandridge, Rita B., 2016. "Love Prevailed Despite What American History Said: Agape and Eros in Beverly Jenkins's Night Song and Through the Storm." Romance Fiction and American Culture: Love as the Practice of Freedom? Ed. William A. Gleason and Eric Murphy Selinger. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing. 151-166.

Darcy, Emma, 1995. The Secrets of Successful Romance Writing. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House.

D’Emilio, John and Estelle B. Freedman, 2012. Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America. Third Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

DeMoss, Nancy Leigh, 2005. Holiness: The Heart God Purifies. Chicago: Moody Publishers.

Dryden, Therese, 2019. The Valentine Wars. Ph.D. thesis. University of Newcastle, Australia.

Duvezin-Caubet, Caroline, 2020. "Gaily Ever After: Neo-Victorian M/M Genre Romance for the Twenty-First Century." Neo-Victorian Studies 13.1: 242-269.

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Faircloth, Kelly, 2016. "Talking Black History and Love Stories With Romance Writing Pioneer Beverly Jenkins." Jezebel. 26 January 2016.

Faircloth, Kelly, 2017. "Author Alisha Rai Discusses Writing Romance Novels in a Very Rough Year." Jezebel.  22 September 2017.

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Fowler, Bridget, 1991. The Alienated Reader: Women and Popular Romantic Literature in the Twentieth Century. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Fox, Pamela, 1994. “The ‘Revolt of the Gentle’: Romance and the Politics of Resistance in Working-Class Women's Writing,” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 27.2: 140-160.

Frye, Northrop, 2000. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. 1957. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Fuchs, Barbara, 2004. Romance. New York: Routledge.

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Gallon, Kim, 2013. “Romance in black papers.” The Popular Romance Project. 10 January 2013.

Golubov, Nattie, 2017. "Reading the Romance Writer as an Author-Entrepreneur." Interférences littéraires/Literaire interferenties 21: 131-160.

González-Allende, Iker, 2005. “La novela rosa de ambientación vasca e ideología franquista durante la Guerra Civil española.” Revista Internacional de Estudios Vascos 50.1: 79-103.

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Grant, Vanessa, 2007. Writing Romance. 3rd Edition. Bellingham, WA: Self-Counsel Press.

Green, Jaime, 2018. “Alyssa Cole on Why Her Romance Novels Are Always Political.” Vulture. 27 February 2018.

Greer, Germaine, 1971. The Female Eunuch. 1970. London: Paladin.

Grescoe, Paul, 1996. The Merchants of Venus: Inside Harlequin and the Empire of Romance. Vancouver: Raincoast Books.

Grey, Amelia, Ed., 2010. Fall in Love Like a Romance Writer. Deerfield Beach, Florida: Health Communications.

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Gutiérrez, Gustavo, 1973. A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics and Salvation. 1971. Trans. Caridad Inda and John Eagleson. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books.

Hackett, Helen, 2006. Women and Romance Fiction in the English Renaissance. 2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hallock, Jennifer, 2018. "History Ever After, Part I: The Fabricated Chronotopes." This paper was presented at the 2018 IASPR conference and details about it and a link to the second part of the paper are available at

Heath, Mark, 1982. “Salvation: A Roman Catholic Perspective.” Review & Expositor 79.2: 259–278.

Herendeen, Ann, 2016. “Having it Both Ways; or, Writing from the Third Perspective: The Revolutionary M/M/F Ménage Romance Novel.” Romance Fiction and American Culture: Love as the Practice of Freedom? Ed. William A. Gleason and Eric Murphy Selinger. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing. 405-419.

Herman, Lily, 2020. "How Romance Novelists Are Helping Stacey Abrams Turn Georgia Blue." Bustle. 24 November 2020.

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hooks, bell, 2001. Salvation: Black People and Love. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Hooper, Lucy, 1845. The Lady's Book of Flowers and Poetry; to which are added, a Botanical Introduction, a Complete Floral Dictionary, and a Chapter on Plants in Rooms. New York: J. C. Riker.

HQN, 2020. “HQN.” Archived 2 July 2020. 

Hughes, Langston, 1941. "The Need for Heroes." The Crisis 48.6: 184-185, 206.

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Jaegly, Peggy J., 1997. Romantic Hearts: A Personal Reference for Romance Readers. Third Edition. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press.

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Jenkins, Beverly, 2020. "So true." Twitter. 7 June 2020.

Jones, Lisa, 2001. "Love African-American Style: Happily Ever After with Black Romances." War of the Words: 20 Years of Writing on Contemporary Literature. Ed. Joy Press. New York: Three Rivers Press. 232-235. First published in October 1991 in the Village Voice Literary Supplement.

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Kent, Alison, 2006. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Writing Erotic Romance. New York: Alpha Books.

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Kingston, Elizabeth, 2018. “Romanticizing White Supremacy.” 15 April 2018. This was first presented to the 2018 conference on Researching the Romance, held at Bowling Green State University, on 13 April. That version of the paper, titled “History's Been Hijacked: How To Combat White Supremacy Through Popular Literature,” can be found at

Kitt, Sandra, 2020. "RE my email to you, your response," email sent to me on 2 August 2020. I lightly revised section 7.2 in response to the details Kitt very kindly provided me.

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Moody-Freeman, Julie E., 2016. “Scripting Black Love in the 1990s: Pleasure, Respectability, and Responsibility in an Era of HIV/AIDS.” Romance Fiction and American Culture: Love as the Practice of Freedom? Ed. William A. Gleason and Eric Murphy Selinger. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing. 111-127.

Moody-Freeman, Julie E., 2021. “African American romance.” The Routledge Research Companion to Popular Romance Fiction. Ed. Jayashree Kamblé, Eric Murphy Selinger and Hsu-Ming Teo. London: Routledge. 229-251.

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Nobel, Emma and Sian Johnson, 2020. "Romance fiction got us through the GFC and World War II. Here's why it could help us during COVID-19." ABC News, 28 March 2020.

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Osborne, Gwendolyn E., 2004. "Women Who Look Like Me": Cultural Identity and Reader Responses to African American Romance Novels. Race/Gender/Media: Considering Diversity Across Audiences, Content, and Producers. Ed. Rebecca Ann Lind. Boston: Pearson Education. 61-68.

Paizis, George, 1998. Love and the Novel: The Poetics and Politics of Romantic Fiction. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.

Pearce, Elizabeth Florence, 2004. Reading the Lesbian Romance: Re-imagining Love, Sex, Relationships, and Community. Ph.D. thesis. The University of Iowa.

Pearce, Lynne, 2011. "Romance and Repetition: Testing the Limits of Love." Journal of Popular Romance Studies 2.1.

Pearce, Lynne, 2019. Mobility, Memory and the Lifecourse in Twentieth-Century Literature and Culture. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

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Ramsdell, Kristin, 2018. “Cartland, Barbara (1901-2000).” Encyclopedia of Romance Fiction. Ed. Kristin Ramsdell. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood. 37-39.

Ramsdell, Kristin, 2018a. “Ethnic/Multicultural Romance.” Encyclopedia of Romance Fiction. Ed. Kristin Ramsdell. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood. 85-86.

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Rholetter, Janga, 2015. "On Second Thought --In for a Penny." The Romance Dish. 15 June 2015. 

Riggs, Paula Detmer, 1999. “Taboo or Not Taboo: That Is the Question.” North American Romance Writers. Ed. Kay Mussell and Johanna Tuñón. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. 183-189.

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Rix, Robert W., 2009. “‘Love in the Clouds’: Barbara Cartland’s Religious Romances.” Journal of Religion and Popular Culture 21.2.

Roach, Catherine, 2010. “Getting a Good Man to Love: Popular Romance Fiction and the Problem of Patriarchy.” Journal of Popular Romance Studies 1.1.

Roach, Catherine M., 2016. Happily Ever After: The Romance Story in Popular Culture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Roberts, Nora, 1996. "New Ground: The Evolution of Romance." Romance Writer's Sourcebook: Where to Sell Your Manuscripts. Ed. David H. Borcherding. Cincinnati, Ohio: Writer's Digest Books. 6-14.

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Rodale, Maya, 2015. Dangerous Books for Girls: The Bad Reputation of Romance Novels Explained. N.p.: self-published.

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RWA, 2020a. “Introducing The Vivian, a New Award for a New Era.” 21 May 2020.

Saha, Anamik and Sandra van Lente, 2020. Rethinking ‘Diversity’ in Publishing. London: Goldsmiths Press. 

Schaffer, Talia, 2016. Romance's Rival: Familiar Marriage in Victorian Fiction. New York: Oxford University Press.

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Selinger, Eric Murphy, 2012. "How to Read a Romance Novel (and Fall in Love with Popular Romance)." New Approaches to Popular Romance Fiction: Critical Essays. Ed. Sarah S. G. Frantz and Eric Murphy Selinger. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. 33-46.

Selinger, Eric Murphy, 2015. “An Interview with Susan Elizabeth Phillips.” Journal of Popular Romance Studies 5.1.

Selinger, Eric Murphy and William A. Gleason, 2016. “Introduction: Love as the Practice of Freedom?” Romance Fiction and American Culture: Love as the Practice of Freedom? Ed. William A. Gleason and Eric Murphy Selinger. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing. 1-21.

Selinger, Eric Murphy and Laura Vivanco, 2021. “Romance and/as Religion.” The Routledge Research Companion to Popular Romance Fiction. Ed. Jayashree Kamblé, Eric Murphy Selinger, and Hsu-Ming Teo. Abingdon: Routledge. 485-510.

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Toscano, Angela R., 2012. "A Parody of Love: The Narrative Uses of Rape in Popular Romance." Journal of Popular Romance Studies 2.2

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